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SHARED MOBILITY PRINCIPLES & AIR QUALITY

What are the Shared Mobility Principles and how do they relate to air quality?

 

"The way our cities are built determines mobility needs and how they can be met. Development, urban design and public spaces, building and zoning regulations, parking requirements, and other land use policies shall incentivize compact, accessible, livable, and sustainable cities."

1. WE PLAN OUR CITIES AND THEIR MOBILITY TOGETHER.

 

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Mobility may also include “quiet routes” that are pedestrian friendly and can allow people to reduce their exposure to air pollution.

 

Accessibility may reduce the distance people have to travel to get to their destination, both reducing pedestrians’ exposure (shorter journeys) and also the number of cars on the road and drivers’ exposure to air pollution (with shorter journeys).

 

"The mobility of people and not vehicles shall be in the center of transportation planning and decision-making. Cities shall prioritize walking, cycling, public transport and other efficient shared mobility, as well as their interconnectivity. Cities shall discourage the use of cars, single-passenger taxis, and other oversized vehicles transporting one person."

2. WE PRIORITIZE PEOPLE OVER VEHICLES.

 

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Making cities more walkable has air quality benefits for many people.

 

Planning cities from the start gives an opportunity to increase wellbeing and prioritize people, especially as we move into a future that may have different transportation needs.

 

"Transportation and land use planning and policies should minimize the street and parking space used per person and maximize the use of each vehicle. We discourage overbuilding and oversized vehicles and infrastructure, as well as the oversupply of parking."

3. WE SUPPORT THE SHARED AND EFFICIENT USE OF VEHICLES, LANES, CURBS, AND LAND.

 

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Reduced access to parking may decrease the number of drivers who can park (and therefore drive) in cities.

 

This more accurately incentivizes the use of cars only when it is necessary.

 

"Residents, workers, businesses, and other stakeholders may feel direct impacts on their lives, their investments and their economic livelihoods by the unfolding transition to shared, zero-emission, and ultimately autonomous vehicles. We commit to actively engage these groups in the decision-making process and support them as we move through this transition. "

4. WE ENGAGE WITH STAKEHOLDERS.

 

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Inclusive progress promotes equity in environmental reform; by working with various stakeholders we can increase air quality without disproportionately disadvantaging certain people or communities.

 

Working to engage stakeholders increases the possibility that reforms will be adopted. 

 

"Physical, digital, and financial access to shared transport services are valuable public goods and need thoughtful design to ensure use is possible and affordable by all ages, genders, incomes, and abilities. "

5. WE PROMOTE EQUITY

 

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This is important for environmental justice and ensuring that air quality improvements do not hurt vulnerable people.

 

"Public transportation and shared-use fleets will accelerate the transition to zero-emission vehicles. Electric vehicles shall ultimately be powered by renewable energy to maximize climate and air quality benefits."

6. WE LEAD THE TRANSITION TOWARDS A ZERO-EMISSION FUTURE AND RENEWABLE ENERGY.

 

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Power from renewable sources will minimize pollution from emissions created by the burning of fossil fuels, which will improve air quality.

 

Emphasis on public transportation aligns with goals of improving air quality; like with London events where public transit was prioritized over driving of cars.

 

"Every vehicle and mode should pay their fair share for road use, congestion, pollution, and use of curb space. The fair share shall take the operating, maintenance and social costs into account. The future of mobility in cities is multimodal and integrated. When vehicles are used, they should be right-sized, shared, and zero emission. "

7. WE SUPPORT FAIR USER FEES ACROSS ALL MODES.

 

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Fair share fees will help to correct the market failure of air pollution by internalizing the external cost of air pollution.

 

This will aid other efforts to reduce air pollution by providing additional incentives for people to stop driving and instead walk.

 

"The data infrastructure underpinning shared transport services must enable interoperability, competition and innovation, while ensuring privacy, security, and accountability."

8. WE AIM FOR PUBLIC BENEFITS VIA OPEN DATA.

 

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Accessibility of data will allow new solutions to air pollution problems to be competitive and thrive in the marketplace. (?)

 

This is aimed to increase competition and therefore incentivize market solutions to air pollution issues.

 

"All transportation services should be integrated and thoughtfully planned across operators, geographies, and complementary modes. Seamless trips should be facilitated via physical connections, interoperable payments, and combined information. Every opportunity should be taken to enhance connectivity of people and vehicles to wireless networks. "

9. WE WORK TOWARDS INTEGRATION AND SEAMLESS CONNECTIVITY.

 

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Integration will make public transportation more convenient and therefore more likely to be adopted, which will decrease the amount of air pollution caused by things like single person vehicles.

 

"Due to the transformational potential of autonomous vehicle technology, it is critical that all AVs are part of shared fleets, well-regulated, and zero emission. Shared fleets can provide more affordable access to all, maximize public safety and emissions benefits, ensure that maintenance and software upgrades are managed by professionals, and actualize the promise of reductions in vehicles, parking, and congestion, in line with broader policy trends to reduce the use of personal cars in dense urban areas. "

10. WE SUPPORT THAT AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES (AVS) IN DENSE URBAN AREAS SHOULD BE OPERATED ONLY IN SHARED FLEETS.

 

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This may help to reduce issues related to the introduction of driverless vehicles into crowded cities and therefore make the cities safer for drivers, pedestrians, and others while utilizing a new technology safely and sustainably.