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Lots of research has been done, and continues to be done, on the impacts of air pollution on our health. Below are all the references for the health and impact claims that we have made throughout the family clean air hub. Our health messaging has been reviewed by representatives from Public Health England, the Royal College of Physicians and Kings College London.

Health effects

Up to 36,000 deaths each year in the UK are caused by air pollution


High air pollution is linked to low birth weight and can lead to premature birth and pregnancy loss


Research is beginning to point towards effects of air pollution on the developing brain, but more research is needed


Exposure to air pollution, both during pregnancy and after birth, can affect children’s lung function development. In areas of high air pollution, it could be setting some children up for health problems throughout their lives


There is a strong link between air pollution and the worsening of asthma symptoms and it also plays a part in causing asthma in some individuals


Among children with asthma, those exposed to higher levels of air pollution suffer more frequent chronic respiratory symptoms


[Children’s] developing organs and immune systems – and smaller bodies and airways – make them especially vulnerable to dirty air and water.


There is an association between exposure to the air pollutant NO2 and cough and phlegm symptoms in adults


All of the organs in the body seem to be affected in some way by breathing in air pollution


Air pollution is linked to high blood pressure


Air pollution can lead to cardiovascular disease


Studies are showing that there may be an association between air pollution and poor mental health, but more evidence is needed


Exposure to air pollution is also linked to increases in coughs and bronchitis


Air pollution can increase the risk of bacterial pneumonia


Air pollution potentially increases the risk of getting dementia


Air pollution and COVID-19


There is emerging evidence that air pollution can increase your risk of developing diabetes




Make sure your boiler is serviced each year


Use dry, well-seasoned wood


Use fragrance free cleaning products


Avoid aerosols and air fresheners


Choose low VOC paints


Open windows or use extractor fans when cooking


Open windows when using cleaning products


Shut windows during rush hour


Choose furniture without MDF


Car drivers can be exposed to twice as much pollution as a pedestrian and nine times as much pollution as a cyclist travelling the same journey


Quieter roads have been shown to reduce your exposure to pollution by 20%


Face masks


Impact of indoor plants on air pollution


Transport is a major source of pollution


Active travel benefits


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Information about air pollution


Where does air pollution come from


Sources of indoor air pollution


Children spend most of their time indoors


Too many of our homes and schools are damp and poorly ventilated 


Air pollution on a major road in London was 89% lower when the roads were closed

Decrease in air pollution in car free capitall


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